The eurozone economy is suffering an “unprecedented” collapse according to a PMI index released Thursday by analysis firm IHS Markit.
“The eurozone economy suffered the steepest falls in business activity and employment ever recorded during April as a result of measures taken to contain the coronavirus outbreak,” it said.
The company’s purchasing manager’s index (PMI) dived to a record low of 13.5 in April, from the previous all-time low of 29.7 in March, confirming private sector gloom that is savaging the 19-nation eurozone.
A reading below 50 signals a contraction.
IHS Markit said the service sector bore the brunt of the hit, with hotels, restaurants and travel-related firms faring the worst.
Manufacturing also saw a record fall however, because of staff and material shortages and severe supply chain disruptions.
Employment plummeted for the second month running — “service sector jobs were slashed at the steepest rate yet witnessed by the survey, while the drop in manufacturing payrolls was the sharpest since April 2009.”
Prices for services and goods fell at their fastest rate in a decade.
“The extent to which the PMI survey has shown business to have collapsed across the eurozone greatly exceeds anything ever seen before in over 20 years of data collection,” IHS Markit’s chief business economist Chris Williamson said.
“The ferocity of the slump has also surpassed that thought imaginable by most economists, the headline index falling far below consensus estimates.“
Indices dive for Germany, France
The PMI output indices for the eurozone’s two biggest economies, Germany and France, plummeted to 17.1 and 11.2 respectively — far lower than the already dismal readings in March of 35.0 and 28.9.
Before the coronavirus impact, the lowest reading for the Markit PMI index — which started two decades ago — was during the global financial crisis when it reached 36.2 in February 2009.
The national statistics office in France, INSEE, said Thursday the country’s economy was reduced to just “vital functions,” estimating private-sector activity had plunged 41 percent.
The PMI figures were “shockingly bad,” said another analysis firm, Capital Economics.
It said France’s reading compared with Germany reflected stricter lockdown measures ordered by Paris.
The index for Italy, not yet available, “is likely to be below even that dismal level,” it said.
ING Economics said the latest PMI results were “no surprise” given the depth and breadth of European lockdowns.
It added, though, that the reading “does not indicate how much worse” things have become since March, “which just means that we still don’t really have a good grasp of the depth of this crisis“.
ING said the sharp price falls left “no doubt that this crisis is deflationary in the short-run,” especially given an abrupt collapse in oil prices this month.
Tentative easings of lockdowns in eurozone countries could see the PMI tick higher in May, it noted.
EU leaders were to hold a virtual summit on Thursday to discuss various options for a huge rescue package for the bloc’s economy expected to come in at between one trillion and two trillion euros.
That would add to a 540-billion-euro ($584-billion) emergency plan already agreed by European finance ministers two weeks ago, a 1.1-trillion-euro bond-buying programme by the European Central Bank, and a raft of national state-aid measures.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel said just before the summit her country was willing to kick in “significantly higher contributions” to the EU budget to help other European countries recover.